GLOSSARY

Discover the meaning of some of the terms and phrases used in this website.

About LYNPARZA

Active treatment

If you have previously received chemotherapy or hormonal therapy, active treatment may be used to shrink or slow the growth of your cancer. LYNPARZA can be used in certain people as active treatment.

Maintenance therapy

A treatment used after you have responded to chemotherapy. It can help extend the time without cancer growing or returning. LYNPARZA can be used in certain people as maintenance therapy.

PARP

A type of protein that repairs DNA damage in cells.

PARP inhibitor

A targeted therapy that stops PARP from repairing DNA damage. LYNPARZA is a PARP inhibitor.

Targeted therapy

A type of cancer treatment that works by targeting specific changes in cancer cells to keep them from growing or spreading.

LEARN MORE ABOUT LYNPARZA

About LYNPARZA studies

Median

The middle number in a list of numbers arranged from lowest to highest.

Placebo

A treatment that does not contain active medicine. It is usually used in clinical studies to compare against active medicines.

Progression-free time

A phrase used to describe time spent without cancer growing or returning.

About genetic testing

Acquired BRCA mutation

A change or alteration found in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene that was not passed down from a family member. This is also known as a somatic mutation.

BRCA mutations

A change or alteration found in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. A mutation can be inherited (germline), which means it was passed down from a family member, or acquired (somatic), which means it was not passed down.

Genomic biomarkers

A genomic biomarker is a measurable DNA characteristic that shows biologic processes and how you may respond to certain therapies. It may indicate the risk of a person getting a particular disease; for example, a genetic mutation.

Germline testing

Using a sample from your blood or saliva, this type of genetic test identifies inherited mutations.

Inherited BRCA mutation

A change or alteration found in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene that is passed down from your mother or father. This is also known as a germline mutation.

Tumor testing

This type of genetic test uses a tissue sample from a tumor to find acquired and inherited mutations. It is also known as a tumor molecular test.

LEARN MORE ABOUT GENETIC TESTING

About advanced ovarian cancer

Advanced ovarian cancer

Cancer that has spread outside of the ovaries.

First line of chemotherapy

A complete course of chemotherapy given as your first treatment for advanced cancer.

Second line of chemotherapy

A complete course of chemotherapy given if your ovarian cancer has returned.

LEARN MORE ABOUT ADVANCED OVARIAN CANCER

About metastatic breast cancer

HER2-negative breast cancer

When breast cancer cells do not contain extra amounts of HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2).

Hormone receptor (HR)-positive

When breast cancer cells contain either estrogen or progesterone receptors, or both.

Metastatic breast cancer

Cancer that has spread to other parts of the body beyond the nearby lymph nodes, sometimes shortened to mBC.

Triple negative

When breast cancer cells do not contain extra amounts of HER2 receptors, or progesterone and estrogen receptors.

LEARN MORE ABOUT METASTATIC BREAST CANCER

WHAT IS LYNPARZA?

LYNPARZA is a prescription medicine used to treat adults who have:

  • advanced ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer with a certain type of inherited (germline) or acquired (somatic) abnormal BRCA gene. LYNPARZA is used as maintenance treatment after the cancer has responded to your first treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you
  • ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer, as maintenance treatment, when the cancer has come back. LYNPARZA is used after the cancer has responded to treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy
  • advanced ovarian cancer with a certain type of abnormal inherited BRCA gene, and have received treatment with 3 or more prior types of chemotherapy medicines. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you
  • a certain type of abnormal inherited BRCA gene, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). You should have received chemotherapy medicines, either before or after your cancer has spread. If you have hormone receptor (HR)-positive disease, you should have been treated with hormonal therapy. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you

It is not known if LYNPARZA is safe and effective in children.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION 

LYNPARZA may cause serious side effects, including: Bone marrow problems called Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Some people who have ovarian cancer or breast cancer and who have received previous treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or certain other medicines for their cancer have developed MDS or AML during treatment with LYNPARZA. MDS or AML may lead to death. If you develop MDS or AML, your healthcare provider will stop treatment with LYNPARZA.

Symptoms of low blood cell counts are common during treatment with LYNPARZA, but can be a sign of serious bone marrow problems, including MDS or AML. Symptoms may include weakness, weight loss, fever, frequent infections, blood in urine or stool, shortness of breath, feeling very tired, bruising or bleeding more easily.

    Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood cell counts:
  • before treatment with LYNPARZA
  • every month during treatment with LYNPARZA
  • weekly if you have low blood cell counts that last a long time. Your healthcare provider may stop treatment with LYNPARZA until your blood cell counts improve

Lung problems (pneumonitis). Tell your healthcare provider if you have any new or worsening symptoms of lung problems, including shortness of breath, fever, cough, or wheezing. Your healthcare provider may do a chest x-ray if you have any of these symptoms. Your healthcare provider may temporarily or completely stop treatment if you develop pneumonitis. Pneumonitis may lead to death.

    Before taking LYNPARZA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have lung or breathing problems
  • have kidney problems
  • are pregnant, become pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. LYNPARZA can harm your unborn baby and may cause loss of pregnancy (miscarriage)
    • If you are able to become pregnant, your healthcare provider may do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with LYNPARZA
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 6 months after the last dose of LYNPARZA. Talk to your healthcare provider about birth control methods that may be right for you. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you might be pregnant following treatment with LYNPARZA
    • Males with female partners who are pregnant or able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 3 months after the last dose of LYNPARZA
    • Do not donate sperm during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 3 months after your final dose
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if LYNPARZA passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of LYNPARZA. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Taking LYNPARZA and certain other medicines may affect how LYNPARZA works and may cause side effects.

    How should I take LYNPARZA?
  • Take LYNPARZA tablets exactly as your healthcare provider tells you
  • Do not change your dose or stop taking LYNPARZA unless your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider may temporarily stop treatment with LYNPARZA or change your dose of LYNPARZA if you experience side effects
  • Your healthcare provider will decide how long you stay on treatment
  • Do not take more than 4 LYNPARZA tablets in 1 day. If you have any questions about LYNPARZA, talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist
  • Take LYNPARZA by mouth 2 times a day
  • Each dose should be taken about 12 hours apart
  • Swallow LYNPARZA tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, dissolve, or divide the tablets
  • Take LYNPARZA with or without food
  • If you miss a dose of LYNPARZA, take your next dose at your usual scheduled time. Do not take an extra dose to make up for a missed dose
  • If you take too much LYNPARZA, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away

What should I avoid while taking LYNPARZA?Avoid grapefruit, grapefruit juice, Seville oranges, and Seville orange juice during treatment with LYNPARZA since they may increase the level of LYNPARZA in your blood.

    LYNPARZA may cause serious side effects (see above). The most common side effects of LYNPARZA are:
  • nausea or vomiting. Tell your healthcare provider if you get nausea or vomiting. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicines to treat these symptoms
  • low number of red or white blood cells
  • stomach-area (abdominal) pain
  • dizziness
  • tiredness or weakness
  • sore throat or runny nose
  • diarrhea
  • joint, muscle, and back pain
  • headache
  • constipation
  • mouth sores
  • respiratory tract infections
  • changes in kidney function blood test
  • changes in the way food tastes
  • loss of appetite
  • low number of platelets
  • indigestion or heartburn

These are not all the possible side effects of LYNPARZA. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects related to AstraZeneca products by clicking here. If you prefer to report these to the FDA, either visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please click here for complete Prescribing Information, including Patient Information (Medication Guide).

WHAT IS LYNPARZA?

LYNPARZA is a prescription medicine used to treat adults who have:

  • advanced ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer with a certain type of inherited (germline) or acquired (somatic) abnormal BRCA gene. LYNPARZA is used as maintenance treatment after the cancer has responded to your first treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you
  • ovarian cancer, fallopian tube cancer, or primary peritoneal cancer, as maintenance treatment, when the cancer has come back. LYNPARZA is used after the cancer has responded to treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy
  • advanced ovarian cancer with a certain type of abnormal inherited BRCA gene, and have received treatment with 3 or more prior types of chemotherapy medicines. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you
  • a certain type of abnormal inherited BRCA gene, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic). You should have received chemotherapy medicines, either before or after your cancer has spread. If you have hormone receptor (HR)-positive disease, you should have been treated with hormonal therapy. Your healthcare provider will perform a test to make sure that LYNPARZA is right for you

It is not known if LYNPARZA is safe and effective in children.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

LYNPARZA may cause serious side effects, including: Bone marrow problems called Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) or Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Some people who have ovarian cancer or breast cancer and who have received previous treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or certain other medicines for their cancer have developed MDS or AML during treatment with LYNPARZA. MDS or AML may lead to death. If you develop MDS or AML, your healthcare provider will stop treatment with LYNPARZA.

Symptoms of low blood cell counts are common during treatment with LYNPARZA, but can be a sign of serious bone marrow problems, including MDS or AML. Symptoms may include weakness, weight loss, fever, frequent infections, blood in urine or stool, shortness of breath, feeling very tired, bruising or bleeding more easily.

    Your healthcare provider will do blood tests to check your blood cell counts:
  • before treatment with LYNPARZA
  • every month during treatment with LYNPARZA
  • weekly if you have low blood cell counts that last a long time. Your healthcare provider may stop treatment with LYNPARZA until your blood cell counts improve

Lung problems (pneumonitis). Tell your healthcare provider if you have any new or worsening symptoms of lung problems, including shortness of breath, fever, cough, or wheezing. Your healthcare provider may do a chest x-ray if you have any of these symptoms. Your healthcare provider may temporarily or completely stop treatment if you develop pneumonitis. Pneumonitis may lead to death.

    Before taking LYNPARZA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:
  • have lung or breathing problems
  • have kidney problems
  • are pregnant, become pregnant, or plan to become pregnant. LYNPARZA can harm your unborn baby and may cause loss of pregnancy (miscarriage)
    • If you are able to become pregnant, your healthcare provider may do a pregnancy test before you start treatment with LYNPARZA
    • Females who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 6 months after the last dose of LYNPARZA. Talk to your healthcare provider about birth control methods that may be right for you. Tell your healthcare provider right away if you become pregnant or think you might be pregnant following treatment with LYNPARZA
    • Males with female partners who are pregnant or who are able to become pregnant should use effective birth control (contraception) during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 3 months after the last dose of LYNPARZA
    • Do not donate sperm during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 3 months after your final dose
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if LYNPARZA passes into your breast milk. Do not breastfeed during treatment with LYNPARZA and for 1 month after receiving the last dose of LYNPARZA. Talk to your healthcare provider about the best way to feed your baby during this time

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Taking LYNPARZA and certain other medicines may affect how LYNPARZA works and may cause side effects.

    How should I take LYNPARZA?
  • Take LYNPARZA tablets exactly as your healthcare provider tells you
  • Do not change your dose or stop taking LYNPARZA unless your healthcare provider tells you to. Your healthcare provider may temporarily stop treatment with LYNPARZA or change your dose of LYNPARZA if you experience side effects
  • Your healthcare provider will decide how long you stay on treatment
  • Do not take more than 4 LYNPARZA tablets in 1 day. If you have any questions about LYNPARZA, talk to your healthcare provider or pharmacist
  • Take LYNPARZA by mouth 2 times a day
  • Each dose should be taken about 12 hours apart
  • Swallow LYNPARZA tablets whole. Do not chew, crush, dissolve, or divide the tablets
  • Take LYNPARZA with or without food
  • If you miss a dose of LYNPARZA, take your next dose at your usual scheduled time. Do not take an extra dose to make up for a missed dose
  • If you take too much LYNPARZA, call your healthcare provider or go to the nearest hospital emergency room right away

What should I avoid while taking LYNPARZA?Avoid grapefruit, grapefruit juice, Seville oranges, and Seville orange juice during treatment with LYNPARZA since they may increase the level of LYNPARZA in your blood.

    LYNPARZA may cause serious side effects (see above). The most common side effects of LYNPARZA are:
  • nausea or vomiting. Tell your healthcare provider if you get nausea or vomiting. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medicines to treat these symptoms
  • low number of red or white blood cells
  • stomach-area (abdominal) pain
  • dizziness
  • tiredness or weakness
  • sore throat or runny nose
  • diarrhea
  • joint, muscle, and back pain
  • headache
  • constipation
  • mouth sores
  • respiratory tract infections
  • changes in kidney function blood test
  • changes in the way food tastes
  • loss of appetite
  • low number of platelets
  • indigestion or heartburn

These are not all the possible side effects of LYNPARZA. Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects.

You may report side effects related to AstraZeneca products by clicking here. If you prefer to report these to the FDA, either visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Please click here for complete Prescribing Information, including Patient Information (Medication Guide).